I have posted more than a year back about the plans of the brazilian government to use RFID chips in all brazilian cars. Now it is official, it will happen, and will start end of this month (june/2012) and will became a requirement to drive in Brazilian in june 2014. I translated a very much apologetic report from the brazilian media below, where it tries to justify the injustifiable. Interesting is how it highlights how this full monitoring of Brazilians is an innovation internationally. I wonder why this is so. Not for the lack of thirst for power of governants and the Elite to control the population, but because anywhere in the world the people would be furious and protesting in the streets if such a law was passed. Read yourself the article below:
After years of discussion and controversy, the National System of Automatic Vehicle Identification (Siniav) will finally get started. As of June 30, the system created by the federal government to electronically identify all types of vehicles will begin to be deployed throughout the country under responsibility of Detrans (regional organ that control vehicles registration), it is expected that 100% of the national fleet – estimated at 70 million units – will have the electronic tag until 2014.
The system aims to better control and supervision traffic in cities and highways, while providing other benefits – and costs – to the drivers. The cost of the “electronic board” are not yet established, but should be close to R$20 (around 10 dollars), which will be paid by the owners of vehicles.
How it works
Besides the internal chips, the system will consist of reading antennas in the cities, which will feed local and national databases. Communication is based on radio frequency (RFID), according to the National Traffic Department (Denatran), “through a confidential , secure and standard communication protocol, property of the Union, provided to entities duly licensed, by signing the confidentiality agreement.”
Based on the data collected, the various public bodies may act on specific issues, to improve control of traffic, identify bottlenecks, fiscal and administrative irregularities or even take over control of rotation schemes and areas of restricted circulation. The system will also allow the tracking of vehicles that require special handling (hazardous materials, heavy-weight, special vehicles, ambulances) or cases of public safety and have records of cases such as robbery, kidnapping and cloning.
The Denatran advises that the information included in the Siniav system are the as same as those visible today: year, make, model, fuel, power and license plate. It will not have the Renavam (national identification number), chassis and other data. “Vehicles which are been searched will have aditional data placed in the database such as is stolen, theft, or others. In no event may include personal data of the owner” says the the organ.
The chip will be located at the windshield of the car or elsewhere on motorcycles and trailers – trailers and semitrailers are also obliged to adhere. In case of violation, the tag will be automatically discarded to prevent cloning. The executive director of the Brazilian Association of Risk Management and Tracking and Monitoring Technology (Gristec), Wanderley Sigali, considers the system safe. “Of course, the institute Wernher von Braun [which is developing chip technology] is creating a protection system for it. But even as information banks are sometimes robbed, we can not say that there is a system which is 100% secure”, he says.
To Col. Paulo Roberto de Souza, security adviser to the NTC & Logistics, “the idea is spectacular.” It highlights the importance of greater enforcement also for tax collections. “Here in Sao Paulo, the fleet is 7 million units, and 30% doesn’t pay nothing. Then, when it is installed within the city – and is expected to install 3000 antennas – they will be caught and the council will be able to collect the taxes”, he analyzes.
Souza believes in the system security. “You have an entire control that it will not be used in bad faith. The data is controlled by Denatran, which is the central body, and is encrypted and confidential. The access to the system will be limited to the person who can identify themselves as police or other authorized body. If someone violates the secrecy, it is possible to know who did it. This person will be criminalized”, he says.
The Siniav is innovative internationally. No other country has adopted a similar system so comprehensive, and Brazil may be the first to use it on all vehicles.
Perhaps the change that impact the drivers most significantly is the traffic control. Traffic lights can be adjusted according to the volume of vehicles in each direction, controlled by demand. You can also better control the congested regions.
Mr. Sigali also highlights the possibility of change in the way toll are collected under the umbrella dealer. “Instead of having a toll plaza, where everyone who goes to pay the same value, using the control of the antennas it will be possible to charge by the miles ran through the road,” he explains. Another alternative would be supervisory control the timing of entry and exit of the highway, inspecting if the vehicle complied or not with the speed limits.
The official date for the commencement of installation operations in all national Detrans is June 30, but the results of the aplication the technology should come after the most comprehensive fleet. According to Resolution 212 of 2006 of Denatran, which regulates the Siniav, “no vehicle, motorized, electrical, trailer and semi-trailer can be licensed and drive on roads open to traffic without being equipped with the electronic board.”
This goes for all cars, motorcycles, boat carts, trailers and all others who drive by land (except military vehicles military). When the law comes into effect officially in June 2014, drivers who are not suited to the system Siniav will be fined and lose five points in their portfolios.
To Sigali, “from a technical standpoint, there is no doubt that it is possible to equip entire fleet by 2014. The problem is the political barriers, bureaucratic, agreements and formalization.” The director of Gristec does not believe in a lot of changes in market tracking and cargo monitoring and considers this just a different technology, which will help consolidate control.